Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction or male impotence, refers to the inability to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for successful sexual activity. The male organ becomes erect when the arteries carrying blood to the organ widen allowing more blood to flow in, while the veins carrying blood away from it become compressed restricting blood from flowing out. Certain male hormones and nerves also have a role in triggering and sustaining an erection. Abnormalities associated with the proper function of these nervous or hormonal systems (caused by medication or disease), could affect a man’s ability to have and sustain an erection and/or experience an orgasm.

Erectile dysfunction may be due to any number of physical and psychological factors. The disorder can generally be classified as to whether it is caused by organic (i.e., due to a bodily organ or organ system malfunction) or psychogenic (mental) factors. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by diseases, nutritional imbalance, trauma, surgical procedures or medications that alter the nervous, vascular or hormonal systems responsible for the erectile function. Male impotence may be caused by a combination of these factors.

Medications can alleviate the condition; with some men requiring more than one prescription (depending on the response and tolerance of the patient to various medications). However, sufferers are encouraged by their doctors to make lifestyle adjustments to help arrest the underlying cause of the condition. Changes could include improving eating habits, quitting use of tobacco products, moderating alcohol intake and getting regular exercise.

Non-surgical treatments for male impotence aside from oral or topical medication include external vacuum devices, hormonal therapy, penile injection therapy, and intra-urethral pellet therapy. Many who are challenged with male impotence are reluctant to discuss their sexual problems, but sex counseling helps in conjunction with these therapies. An experienced urologists in certain cases combines several of these methods. When these methods do not work, surgical treatment like penile prosthesis is a possible option.

Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) achieved wide recognition as the first oral pill for effective treatment of male impotence. Sufferers of erectile dysfunction testify they are able achieve erections for successful sexual intercourse with the use of the drug. The drug, however, does not improve erections in healthy men; neither is it an aphrodisiac to help increase libido.

Several other drugs in addition to sildenafil citrate are now available. Tadanafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra), and avanafil (Stendra) work just like Viagra by prolonging the action of a penile enzyme that stimulates arousal, which in turn causes the erection. Cialis is known to be capable of working up to 36 hours while Levitra can help sustain an erection from 4 to 16 hours. It has been found that Stendra takes effect within 15 – 30 minutes and could be taken with alcohol.

As in any medication, intake of erectile dysfunction drugs is not without possible complications. A qualified and experienced urologist is still highly recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment and administration of the proper medication dosage.

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